Herbert Schambeck

Herbert Schambeck

Date of Birth 12 July 1934
Place Baden near Vienna (Austria)
Nomination 19 January 1994 - Honorary Member 10 February 2015
Field Public Law, Political Science and Philosophy of Law
Title Professor Emeritus


Most important awards, prizes and academies
Magistral Grand Cross with Ribbon of the Sovereign Maltese Order of Knighthood (1st class). Respective Grand Crosses (1st class) of the Papal Order of St. Gregorius, of the Distinguished Order for Merits of Austria, Germany, Italy, Spain, the Sovereign Maltese Order of Knighthood, Luxembourg, Liechtenstein, Hungary, of the Greek Order of the Phoenix, of the St. Agatha Order of San Marino, of the Bernardo O'Higgins Order of Chile, the Crown Order of Belgium and Thailand, of the Jordanian Order of the Star, of the Japanese Order of the Rising Sun, Commander with Star of the Distinguished Order for Merits of Poland, the Bavarian Distinguished Service Order and decorations of all Austrian states. Order of the Rule of Law of the World Jurist Association. Member of the Academy of Sciences in Milan, Accademia Nazionale dei Lincei in Rome. Member of the Association of German State Lawyers, the Catholic Academy of Vienna, the Accademia Galileiana Patavina di Scienze, Lettere ed Arti in Padua, Real Academia de Ciencias Morales y Políticas in Madrid, the Rheinisch-Westfälischen Academy of Sciences in Düsseldorf, the Pontifical Academy of Social Sciences in the Vatican City. Dr. of Law h.c. of the Catholic University of Chile in Santiago de Chile, Republic of Chile, of the Catholic University of America in Washington D.C., USA, of the Charles-University in Prague, the Czech Republic, and the University of Wroclaw, Republic of Poland, of the University of Piteşti, Republic of Romania, Kiev University of Law of the National Ukraine Academy of Science, Republic of Ukraine; Dr. of Philosophy h.c. of the International Academy of Philosophy of the Principality of Liechtenstein, Dr. of Theology h.c. of the Papal Theological Faculty of Wroclaw. Theodor Cardinal Innitzer Award, Leopold Kunschak Award and Science Award of the City of Baden near Vienna.

Summary of scientific research
1958 Graduation to Dr. iur. at the University of Vienna and clerkship at courts. 1959 to 1964 Assistant of Univ. Prof. Dr. Dr. h.c. mult. Adolf Merkl at the Institute of Constitutional and Administrative Law at the University of Vienna; 1964 Assistant Professor at the University of Vienna; 1965 Counsellor in the Department of Science at the Austrian Chamber of Commerce; 1966 Associate Professor of Political Science and Austrian Constitutional and Administrative Law at the University of Innsbruck; 1967 (spring term) Visiting Professor at the Department of Government and International Studies at the University of Notre Dame, Indiana, USA, Fall term 1967. Appointed Full Professor of Public Law, Political Sciences and Legal Philosophy at the University of Linz until Oct. 2002. Guest lectures in Germany, Greece, Spain, Portugal, Italy, Hungary, Lithuania, Russia, Romania, Czech, Poland, South Africa, Brazil, Chile, USA, India, Thailand and Japan. From 1969 until 1997 Member of the Federal Council of the Republic of Austria (i.e. the Senate of the Austrian Parliament), from 1975 until 1997 Chairman of the Austrian People's Party (i.e. Christian Democrats) and continuously serving as President or Vice-President of the Federal Council; 1969-2007 Member of the Delegation of the Holy See to the General Conference of the IAEA; Gentiluomo di Sua Santità; 1993-2009 Consultor of the Pontifical Council for the Family; Honorary Member of the Italian Society of Catholic Jurists.

Main publications
As author (among others)
: The Concept of "Natur der Sache", Vienna 1964; Church - State - Society, Vienna 1967; Basic Rights and Social Order - Thoughts on the European Social Charter, Berlin 1969; On Changing Concepts of Rule of Law, Berlin 1970; The Referendum, Tübingen 1971; Political Responsibility, Karlsruhe 1971; The Parliamentary System in Austria, Rome 1982;Judicial Office and Ethics, Berlin 1982; Ethics and State, Berlin 1986;Democracy and Federalism as a European Challenge, Prague 1992;Church, State and Democracy, Berlin 1992; State, Public and Public Opinion, Berlin 1992; European Integration and Austrian Federalism, Vienna 1993; Law, Faith and State, Vienna 1994; Recent Developments of Democracy and the Rule of Law, Vienna 1994; The System of Austrian Government, Opladen 1995; Government and Control in Austria, Berlin 1997; On Politics and Law, Vienna 1997;Tendencies of the European Integration, Wiesbaden 2000; The State and his Order, Wien 2002; Policy in Theory and Practice, Vienna 2004; La dignité de l'homme dans l'enseignement de l'Eglise catholique, Strasbourg 2010; Church, Policy and Law, Berlin 2013; Be and Shall, Basic Questions of the Philosophy of Law and State, Berlin 2014; Posts of Constitutional Law and European Rights, Vienna 2014; From Bologna over Brussels to Lisbon. The Route of the Law in the integrating Europe, Berlin 2016. As editor (among others): Church and State, Berlin 1976; In Remembrance of Pius XII, Berlin 1977; The Austrian Constitution and its Development, Berlin 1980; Austrian Parliamentarism - Development and System, Berlin 1986; Federalism and Parliamentarism in Austria, Vienna 1992; Parliamentarism and Public Law in Austria, Berlin 1993; Federal State and Federal Council in Austria, Vienna 1997. More than 700 publications in the fields of public law, philosophy of law, political science and Catholic social theory. Some of these also appeared in different languages.

Professional address

Institute for Constitutional Law and Political Sciences
University of Linz
A-4040 Linz-Auhof


The History of the Pontifical Academy of Social Sciences (PDF) 2014

Subsidiarität in Sozialverantwortung (PDF) 2013

Der Staat als Beschuetzer der Menschenrechte und als Abwehr der Bedrohung der Ordnung (PDF) 2012

Is the Global Authority a Feasible Solution? (PDF) 2010

Die Menschenrechte in der Lehre der Katholischen Kirche (PDF) 2009

Contribution to the Round Table (PDF) 2008

Comment to the texts presented by H.E. Msgr. Roland Minnerath and H.E. Msgr. Marcelo Sánchez Sorondo (PDF) 2008

Gedanken zur Enzyklika Papst Benedikt XVI. „Deus Caritas Est“ (PDF) 2007

Katholische Soziallehre und Solidarität der Generationen (PDF) 2006

Die Menschenwürde im öffentlichen Recht und in der politischen Wissenschaft (PDF) 2005

Subsidiarität und Souveränität in Zeiten der Globalisierung (PDF) 2003

Ethnische Strukturen und nationale Demokratie (Ethnic Structures and National Democracy) (PDF) 2000

Demokratie, Rechts- und Verfassungsstaat – Werte, ihr Konflikt und Schutz (The conflict of values – the protection of values: democratic structures, rule of law, the “Verfassungsstaat”) (PDF) 1998

Das Gebot der Gleichheit zwischen Ethik und Recht (PDF) 1994

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